Pieter Rabus (1660–1702)
Pieter (or Petrus) Rabus was a prolific Dutch poet and translator. In his younger years, he studied classical languages under the poet Joachim Oudaen (1628–1692). In 1681 he accepted a teaching position at the illustrious Erasmian Gymnasium in Rotterdam, whilst at the same time qualifying as a notary. Throughout his life Rabus was an industrious translator, and he rendered into Dutch several Latin and Greek texts, including Erasmus’s Colloquia as Samenspraken (1684) and Christiaan Huygens’s Kosmotheoros (1699).
Rabus is best known for his role as the editor and creator of the journal De Boekenzaal van Europa [The library of Europe], published under that title for the years 1692–1700, and between 1701 and 1702 called Tweemaandelyke Uittreksels [Twice-monthly Abstracts]. In this journal, reviews were provided of recently published books on religion, philosophy, history, theology, and medicine, together with criticism of poetry in Dutch and other languages. Together with his friend David van Hoogstraten (1658–1724), Rabus published in 1678 his first collection of poetry, and two independent collections followed in 1681 and in 1693. He composed also a number of long poems, one example of which is Verlost Britanje [Liberated Britain] (1689), which celebrated the Glorious Revolution. Rabus died in Rotterdam on 13 January 1702 at the age of 41.
Partners and Additional Contributors
This inventory of Rabus’s correspondence has been taken from the edition published in 1974 by Hans Bots (please see below for further details) and is a catalogue created in partnership between the SKILLNET and Cultures of Knowledge projects.
The basic metadata was collated intially by Manuel Llano, and this was checked and updated by staff at EMLO, including Digital Assistant Charlotte Marique and Digital Editor Alex Hitchman. EMLO would like to thank EMLO Digital Fellow Esther van Raamsdonk for her work to research and draft the biographical text on this introductory page.
Key Bibliographic Source(s)
Hans Bots, et al., Pieter Rabus en de “Boekzaal van Europe”, 1692–1702: verkenningen binnen de Republiek der letteren in het laatste kwart van de zeventiende eeuw (Amsterdam: Holland Universiteits Pers, 1974).
Scope of Catalogue
The inventory of letter listed in this catalogue contains at present thirty letters that relate to Rabus’s publishing activities (for futher information on this, see Hans Bots, et al., Pieter Rabus en de “Boekzaal van Europe”, 1692–1702: verkenningen binnen de Republiek der letteren in het laatste kwart van de zeventiende eeuw (Amsterdam: Holland Universiteits Pers, 1974). An additional letter in Munich has been identified and metadata for this will be added shortly.